Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is a type of surgical procedure that is used to help people who are obese or severely overweight lose weight. While weight loss surgery is generally considered safe, there are different types of procedures, each with their own risks and benefits. In this article, we will discuss the safest weight loss surgery options and their characteristics.
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG)
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a popular weight loss surgery that involves removing approximately 80% of the stomach, leaving a small tube-shaped stomach. The procedure is performed using a laparoscope, which is a small camera that is inserted through small incisions in the abdomen. LSG is considered a safe procedure with a low risk of complications.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB)
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is another type of weight loss surgery that involves placing an adjustable band around the upper part of the stomach to create a small pouch. This procedure is also performed using a laparoscope. LAGB is considered a safe procedure with a low risk of complications.
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB)
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a more complex weight loss surgery that involves creating a small stomach pouch and rerouting the small intestine to the new pouch. This procedure is also performed using a laparoscope. RYGB is considered a safe procedure, but it has a higher risk of complications than LSG or LAGB.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch (BPD-DS)
Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch is a weight loss surgery that involves removing a large portion of the stomach and rerouting the small intestine to the remaining portion of the stomach. This procedure is more complex than LSG, LAGB, or RYGB, and it is typically reserved for people with a body mass index (BMI) of 50 or greater. BPD-DS is considered a safe procedure, but it has a higher risk of complications than LSG, LAGB, or RYGB.
In summary, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding are generally considered the safest weight loss surgery options with low risks of complications. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch are more complex procedures with higher risks of complications, but they may be necessary for people with more severe obesity. Ultimately, the decision about which weight loss surgery to have should be made in consultation with a qualified healthcare provider.